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Department of Linguistics

Professor Christopher N Candlin

Christopher Candlin

Formal name: Christopher N Candlin

Position: Senior Research Professor Emeritus

Personal Title: Professor

Qualifications: BA Oxf., MA (Hons) Oxf., MPhil Yale., DipEd(TESOL) Lond., PhD h.c. Jyväskylä, AcSS, FRSA

Telephone: +61 2 9850 9181

Fax: +61 2 9850 9352


Location: C5A 572

Web Pages:

Recent Publications pages:


  • Before joining Macquarie as Professor of Linguistics and Head of Department in 1987, Chris was Professor of Applied Linguistics and Head of the Department of Linguistics and Modern English Language at Lancaster University in the UK. He is currently Senior Research Professor Emeritus in the Department. At Macquarie he established and was Foundation Executive Director of the National Centre for English Language Teaching & Research (NCELTR) (from 1987-1998) and from 1992 he established, and was the first Director of the Centre for Language in Social Life (CLSL) and collaborated in establishing the Centre for Translation and Interpreting Research of which he is Associate Director, as well as working with colleagues to re-develop and revitalize the undergraduate and graduate curricula in the department.

  • From 1998-2002 he was Chair Professor of Applied Linguistics at The City University of Hong Kong, initially on leave from Macquarie, and established and directed the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Research Centre in English Language Education & Communication Research. He returned to Macquarie in 2002 to take up a halftime position as Senior Research Professor in Linguistics. He holds, or has held Honorary Professorships at the Universities of Lancaster, Nottingham and Cardiff in the UK, and is Honorary Chair Research Professor at Beijing University of Foreign Studies. He holds Adjunct Professorships at the Hellenic American University in Athens, the University of Malaya in Kuala Lumpur, and in the Health Communication Research Centre at the University of Technology, Sydney. From 2004 till 2006 he was Leverhulme Visiting Research Professor in Health Communication Research at Cardiff, and part-time Professor of Applied Linguistics in the Centre for Language & Communication at The Open University (UK) (2002-2005). He has held Visiting Professorship posts at Giessen University (Germany), The University of Hawai’i at Manoa, The University of Toronto (OISE), Jyvaskyla University in Finland, Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Aarhus University in Denmark. In 2006 he returned to a fulltime position at Macquarie as Senior Research Professor in Linguistics.

  • Chris's current research lies in developing an effective multi-perspectived approach to applied linguistics combining discourse, interactional-sociolinguistic and pragmatic analysis with textual/semiotic (functional grammatical/corpus-based, multimodal) description, linked to ethnographic/narrative accounts of participant behaviour, informed by social theoretically-based studies of institutional structures. Such a reflexive and interdiscursive model implies collaborative and co-constructed research with participants, involving close links with academic disciplines and professional communities related to applied linguistics, for example, education, sociology, law, medicine/healthcare, social work, and management studies, but also with workers in a range of other professional fields. In the last six years his research has targeted the following areas:

    • professional and organizational communication (in particular in the fields of healthcare, law, social work, second & foreign language education and management studies) disciplinary discourses in the academy, and academic and professional literacies more generally. In addition to academic publications, this research has led to practically relevant accounts directed at informing the professional development of practitioners via a variety of modes, in particular through distance and online learning. Currently, his work has been directed at publishing supra-domain  discourse-based studies of Deficit, Trust, and Risk

  • To date (2011) Chris has successfully supervised 68 doctoral students, both Australian and international, face-to-face and online, (with a further 14 now under his Principal Supervision and others as Associate Supervisor), together with the theses of over 200 MA students. He co-directed the design and delivery of the innovative postgraduate programs (from PG Certificate to Doctorate levels) in Applied Linguistics and also in Communication in Professions & Organizations at Macquarie. Chris is associated with NCELTR and CLSL, and the Centre for Translation and Interpreting Research CTIR.

  • Current and most recent research projects involving his PhD students include work on the discourses of International Commercial Arbitration; the appraisal of the communicative expertise of medical doctors seeking accreditation as Fellows of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners; the discourses of the Australian Migration Tribunal; discourses of insolvency practices in Accounting; critical analysis of public print media in Malaysia in relation to the fields of disability and of medium of instruction; representations of gender in Chinese print media; authorial stance markers in Chinese and Australian print media; discourses of autism,; conflict resolution involving Chinese populations in in Indonesia; discourses of art and design; English in the linguistic landscape of Japan,; the discursive co-construction of the Australian workplace; critical incident discourse among fire fighters in Canada; discourses of leadership in management; face and (im)politeness among Japanese young learners of English; refusing in interaction in Vietnamese. (See also the attached link to PhD students)

  • Chris is currently General Adviser in Applied Linguistics to the Longman Group and edits or co-edits 8 international book series with several publishers including Routledge, Equinox, Palgrave Macmillan, and is, or has been a member the Editorial Boards of 13 major international peer-reviewed journals  (including Applied Linguistics, TEXT & TALK, Journal of Sociolinguistics, Language Awareness, Journal of English for Specific Purposes, Corpora and Communication & Medicine) and regularly reviews submissions for these and another 6 journals. He co-edits (with Srikant Sarangi) the Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice (Equinox). He acts, or has acted as reviewer for submissions to 16 international journals, has served as curriculum consultant to academic and professional institutions in over 35 countries, as an external assessor for faculty appraisal in 60 universities (5 in Australia) and for PhD’s in 20 universities (8 in Australia) and has been a member of Research Panels in his fields for research awards in Australia, the UK, Italy and Finland.

  • Chris has written or edited over 190 publications including refereed articles, book chapters, journal special issues, books and reports in the above fields; he has presented more than 95 invited plenary and keynote papers at international conferences, and has written or co-written a number of currently available online and face-to-face courseware units in both the Applied Linguistics and the Communication in Professions and Organizations programs in the Department of Linguistics at Macquarie.

  • Chris has received to date 53 grants from funding bodies, including the ARC, NH & MRC, Macquarie University, RGC (Hong Kong) and The Leverhulme Trust (UK).

  • From 1996-2002 Chris was President for two terms of the International Association of Applied Linguistics (AILA).

  • In 2007 Chris was presented with the Divisional Award for excellence in research student supervision; also in 2007 the Macquarie University Postgraduate Research Association’s Research Degree Supervisor of the Year Award; and in 2011 the Faculty HDR Supervisor of the Year Award.

  • In 2011 Chris was awarded the title of Emeritus Professor of the University.

  • In 2012 Chris was elected an Academician of the Social Sciences Association in the UK (AcSS)


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